The New Manna

1. The Lord’s Prayer: “Give us this day our daily bread” (Matt 6:11; Luke 11:3)
     a. “Give us this day our epi-ousios bread”
     b. Greek: epi (“on, upon, above”)
                    ousios (“substance, being, nature”)
     c. St. Jerome: “Give us this day our supersubstantial bread” (Douay-Rheims)
     d. Both daily and supernatural: just like the Manna

“Taken literally, (epiousious – “superessential”)... refers directly to the Bread of Life, the Body of Christ” (CCC 2837)

2. The Bread of Life Discourse (John 6: 48-64)
Jesus said: “I am the bread of life. Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died. This is the bread which comes down from heaven, that a man might eat of it and not die. I am the living bread which came down from heaven; if any one eats of this bread, he will live for ever; and the bread which I shall give for the life of the world is my flesh.” The Jews then disputed among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” So Jesus said to them, “Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you; he who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink.... This is the bread which comes down from heaven, not such as the fathers ate and died; he who eats this bread will live forever.” Many of his disciples, when they heard it, said, “This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?” But Jesus, knowing in himself that his disciples murmured at it, said to them, “Do you take offense at this? Then what if you were to see the Son of Man ascending where he was before?”

3. Why did Jewish Christians believe the Eucharist was Jesus’ body and blood?
      a. They knew it is supernatural bread from heaven
      b. They knew it is his risen body and blood

Sections:
1.  The New Exodus
2.  The Old Passover
3.  Later Jewish Passover
4.  The New Passover
5.  The Old Manna
6.  Later Jewish Tradition
7.  The New Manna
8.  The Bread of the Presence
9.  Later Jewish Tradition
10. The New Bread of the Presence